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National Monitoring Committees on NTBs
Categories of NTBs
 
Posted on : 23 - Jul - 2012 - Viewed : 1167 times

NTBs are classified into 8 categories as follows :
Category 1 : Government participation in trade & restrictive practices tolerated by governments
For example :
Export subsidies , Government monopoly in export/import,State subsidies, procurement, trading, state ownership,Preference given to domestic bidders/suppliers,Requirement for counter trade,Domestic assistance programmes for companies,Discriminatory or flawed government procurement policies,Import bans,Determination of eligibility of an exporting country by the importing country,Determination of eligibility of an exporting establishment (firm, company) by the importing country,Occupational safety and health regulation,Multiplicity and Controls of Foreign exchange market,"Buy national" policy,Lack of coordination between government institutions, etc

Category 2 : Customs and administrative entry procedures
For example :
Government imposing antidumping duties, Arbitrary customs classification, Issues related to the rules of origin, Import licensing, Decreed customs surcharges, Additional taxes and other charges, International taxes and charges levied on imports and other tariff measures, Lengthy and costly customs clearance procedures, Issues related to transit fees, Inadequate or unreasonable customs procedures and charges, Lack of control in Customs infrastructure, Lack of capacity of Customs officers, Issues related to Pre-Shipment Inspections, Other.

Category 3 : Technical barriers to trade (TBT)
For example :
Restrictive technical regulations and standards not based on international standards, Inadequate or unreasonable testing and certification arrangements, Standards disparities, Intergovernmental acceptance of testing methods and standards, Issues related to packaging, labeling and marking, Conformity assessment related to TBT, Inadequate infrastructure, Other.

Category 4 : Sanitary & phyto-sanitary (SPS) measures
For example :
Issues related to sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures, Conformity assessment related to SPS, Other

Category 5 : Specific limitations
For example :
Quantitative restrictions, Exchange controls, Export taxes, Quotas, Import licensing requirements, Proportion restrictions of foreign to domestic goods (local content requirement), Minimum import price limits, Embargoes, Non-automatic licensing, Prohibitions, Quantitative safeguard measures, Export restraint arrangements, Other quantity control measures, Restrictive licenses, Other

Category 6 : Charges on imports
For example :
Prior import deposits and subsidies, Administrative fees, Special supplementary duties, Import credit discriminations, Variable levies, Border taxes, Other

Category 7 : Other procedural problems
For example :
Arbitrariness, Discrimination, Corruption, Costly procedures, Lengthy procedures, Lack of information on procedures (or changes thereof), Complex variety of documentation required, Consular and Immigration Issues, Inadequate trade related infrastructure, Other

Category 8 : Transport, Clearing and Forwarding
For example :
Government Policy and regulations, Administrative (Border Operating Hours, delays at border posts, etc.), Immigration requirements (Visa, travel permit), Transport related corruption, Infrastructure (Air, Port, Rail, Road, Border Posts,), Vehicle standards, Costly Road user charges /fees, Issues related to transit